Research proposal of hypertension

Hypertension Research - Abstract of article: Proposal of a Risk

%) respondents who reported hypertension, treatment status was unknown because they had more than 1 chronic disease (for example diabetes and hypertension) and treatment status was only asked for one condition. optimal  =  systolic blood pressure (sbp) <120 and diastolic blood pressure (dbp) <80; normal  =  sbp 120–129 and/or dbp 80–84; pre-ht (hypertension)  =  sbp 130–139 and/or dbp 85–89; grade 1 =  sbp 140–159 and/or dbp 90–99; grade 2 =  sbp 160–179 and/or dbp 100–109; grade 3 =  sbp> = 180 and/or dbp> = 110. proposal in english should be accompanied by a summary (one page) and a budget. and correlation of hypertension among adult population in bahir dar city, northwest ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study                    abstractfulltextmetricsget permission. total of 610 college students aged ≥18 years were screened for hypertension. high burden of hypertension was observed among college students in gondar, ethiopia. bv, singh ak (2010) hypertension in the developing world: challenges and opportunities. hypertension has emerged as an important medical and public health concern in sub-saharan african countries in addition to the damage being caused by hiv, tuberculosis, and malaria [5]. and multivariate analyses of risk factors for hypertension among college students in gondar, ethiopia from december 2012 to january 2013. isolated diastolic hypertension was defined as a diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmhg and systolic blood pressure <140 mmhg. high burden of hypertension was observed among college students in gondar, ethiopia. hypertension prevalence data are crucial for understanding the magnitude of the problem, identifying groups at high risk for cvd, and evaluating the effects of policy and practice interventions [20].

Prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors in southwest Ethiopia

for example, power to detect a difference in hypertension prevalence across the age groups used in this analysis was 99% in all surveys. hypertension has been referred to as a “silent killer” [3, 4]. (2004) prevalence, detection, management, and control of hypertension in ashanti, west africa. male sex, overweight, and sleeping ≤5 hours per day were identified as independent risk factors for hypertension. conclusion: one out of every four respondents of the study had hypertension, and more than one out of three cases of hypertension (38. and correlation of hypertension among adult population in Bahir Dar city, northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Worku Awoke Yalew, Dereje Birhanu Abitew School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia Background: Hypertension is one of the most common causes of premature death and morbidity and has a major impact on health care costs. it is also important to mention that overweight people were at higher risk of hypertension compared to normal bmi. our data from namibia showed that treatment and control rates for hypertension were higher for those insured, although no conclusion about improved access to care can be drawn based on these data as people with hypertension might be more likely to enroll in insurance schemes. winners of the servier research grant in hypertension are dr konstantin kotliar (munich, germany) in 2011,Dr stefano masi (london, uk) in 2013 and dr sébastien foulquier (maastricht, the netherlands) in 2015. (2009) hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in mozambique: urban/rural gap during epidemiological transition. and multivariate analyses of risk factors for hypertension among college students in gondar, ethiopia from december 2012 to january 2013. The overall prevalence of hypertension (systolic BP ≥140 mmHg, or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg, or known hypertensive patient taking medications) was 25.

Hypertension Research - Proposal of a new strategy for ambulatory

total of 610 college students were screened for hypertension of which 453 (74.% of the respondents were in prehypertension stage, which adds to overall future risk of hypertension. (2000) dieting to reduce body weight for controlling hypertension in adults. however, both mean blood pressures and the prevalence of hypertension in the nigerian study population were much higher compared to early studies in rural populations in ssa [40], [41], [42], [43], [44], [45]. treatment proportion did not increase with hypertension severity in the nigerian study population, where the overall treatment proportion was very low (data not shown). recent studies from rural areas in ssa suggest that the prevalence of hypertension is increasing in rural populations. health insurance may be helpful to improve access to care, especially for patients with chronic conditions such as hypertension. according to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, age; having ever smoked cigarette; number of hours spent walking/cycling per day; number of hours spent watching tv per day; history of diabetes; adding salt to food in addition to the normal amount that is added to the food during cooking; and body mass index were statistically significant predictors of hypertension. the main objective of this sub-study, to describe the prevalence of hypertension, was a secondary objective of the four household surveys. awareness, treatment and blood pressure control in patients with hypertension. hypertensive respondents younger than 45 years had predominately diastolic hypertension, whereas the majority of the respondents older than 45 years had both systolic and diastolic hypertension. definitions: aware  =  respondents who self report to have hypertension, treated  =  respondents who self report to have hypertension, and who indicate to take drug treatment for hypertension, controlled  =  respondents who self report to have hypertension, and who have a blood pressure below 140/90 (patients who use drug treatment or for whom treatment status is unknown).

Strategically Focused Hypertension Research Network (PDF)

for hypertension was defined respondents who self report to have hypertension, and who indicate to take drug treatment for hypertension. participants who had hypertension by our measurement were referred to nearby health facilities for further diagnosis and treatment. a higher prevalence of hypertension was observed among male [aor: 3. hypertension in ssa is believed to be a problem of the urban areas due to transition to a more western lifestyle. this study aims to assess the prevalence of hypertension and determinants of blood pressure in four ssa populations in rural nigeria and kenya, and urban namibia and tanzania. j, smeeth l, leon da (2007) hypertension in sub-saharan africa: a systematic review. linear regression analyses were performed to assess the association of well-known predictors for hypertension with blood pressure. in individuals with hypertension, the proportion of grade 2 (≥160/100 mmhg) or grade 3 hypertension (≥180/110 mmhg) ranged from 29. therefore, this study aimed to measure the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors among college students in gondar, ethiopia. in this analysis, regression models that included age and gender were used to predict the presence of hypertension in respondents without a blood pressure measurement. the proportion of respondents with isolated systolic hypertension increased with age (figure s1).% of the respondents were in prehypertension stage, which adds to overall future risk of hypertension.

Hypertension and associated factors among university students in

hypertension has emerged as an important medical and public health concern in sub-saharan african countries in addition to the damage being caused by hiv, tuberculosis, and malaria [5]. (1997) the prevalence of hypertension in seven populations of west african origin. ht  =  hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension  =  systolic blood pressure ≥140 and diastolic blood pressure <90, isolated diastolic hypertension  =  diastolic blood pressure ≥90 and systolic blood pressure <140. previous research showed large regional differences in hypertension prevalence in ssa, depending on the level of urbanization and other environmental and possibly genetic factors, although the available data is limited [16], [19], [22]. therefore, this study aimed to measure the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors among college students in gondar, ethiopia. hypertension was defined as a blood pressure of ≥140 mmhg systolic and <90 mmhg diastolic. participants reporting difficulty falling asleep or sleep continuity problems had a slightly increased risk of hypertension at follow-up, even after controlling the confounders [22]. The primary outcome measure was the prevalence of hypertension in each of the populations under study. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of adult mortality in low-income countries but data on the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension are scarce, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). proportions of respondents with hypertension who were aware of their condition, who reported to be on anti-hypertensive treatment, and whose blood pressure was controlled are shown in figure 3.. the talal zein foundation has established a 7,000 euro annual travel grant to support young scientists from arab countries who wish to attend the annual european society of hypertension meeting. (2011) current and projected prevalence of arterial hypertension in sub-saharan africa by sex, age and habitat: an estimate from population studies. Resume cover letter for new teacher

Grants | European Society of Hypertension

% of respondents were prehypertension, hypertension stage i, and hypertension stage ii, respectively, on screening test. servier research grant in hypertension is limited to phds or mds under 45 years of age on july 1 in the year of the award. this prevalence is similar to the prevalence of hypertension in adults in the usa where an overall prevalence of 31% in adults and 38. other studies done so far [23, 24], cigarette smoking, harmful use of alcohol and use of khat were not significantly associated with hypertension in this study. within the hypertensive population, the proportion of individuals with grade 2 (≥160/100 mmhg) or grade 3 hypertension (≥180/110 mmhg) (figure 2b) ranged from 29. in the sleep heart health study, subjects sleeping ≤5 5 hours per day had a higher frequency of hypertension [20] which was in line with this study which found that students who slept ≤ 5 hours per day were about four times at risk to be hypertensive. within a final sample size of 5,500 households, 9,857 non-pregnant adults were eligible for analysis on hypertension. the prevalence of hypertension in this study was lower than that reported in nigeria (19. although no formal statistical comparison of the hypertension prevalence across the four surveys were performed, age-standardized prevalence rates are provided to allow for comparison with other studies [16]. yet, hypertension was the most frequently observed risk factor for cvd and determinants for blood pressure were similar, in all four populations. study showed a positive association between sex and hypertension in which the risk of hypertension increases with being men, which is in line with several studies [13, 15, 17, 18]. a forward stepwise binary logistic regression analysis was done to assess the relative importance of the explanatory variables on the dependent variable (hypertension). Resume de la biographie de marcel pagnol

[Full text] Prevalence and correlation of hypertension among adult

hypertension places an excessive financial burden on populations and health care systems by consuming scarce resources [6]. low levels of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension are alarming and may reflect poor access to care. this finding is consistent with that of a study conducted in kuwait which reported that about 7% of students had hypertension [13]. socio-demographic factors, such as male gender, advanced age, parental history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and behavioral factors, like body mass index, sleep duration, smoking, and alcohol consumption are significant predictors of hypertension [7]. (1999) abdominal adiposity in six populations of west african descent: prevalence and population attributable fraction of hypertension. disease (cvd) is the leading cause of adult mortality in low-income countries but data on the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension are scarce, especially in sub-saharan africa (ssa). In individuals with hypertension, the proportion of grade 2 (≥160/100 mmHg) or grade 3 hypertension (≥180/110 mmHg) ranged from 29. the rapid changes towards a more western lifestyle that are taking place in lmic is likely to contribute to an increase in the prevalence of hypertension in the coming years, in both rural and urban areas [46]. hypertension was defined as respondents who self report to have hypertension, and who have a blood pressure below 140 mmhg systolic and 90 mmhg diastolic. servier research grant in hypertension in the amount of €30 000 is awarded every 2 years for a research proposal in the field of hypertension and related diseases with a focus on end-organ damage, surrogate markers, and biomarkers. This study aims to assess the prevalence of hypertension and determinants of blood pressure in four SSA populations in rural Nigeria and Kenya, and urban Namibia and Tanzania. c, bruijnzeels ma, owusu-dabo e (2006) factors associated with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in ghana, west africa.

Hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cross-Sectional Surveys in

According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, age; having ever smoked cigarette; number of hours spent walking/cycling per day; number of hours spent watching TV per day; history of diabetes; adding salt to food in addition to the normal amount that is added to the food during cooking; and body mass index were statistically significant predictors of hypertension. this study measured the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors among university students in gondar, ethiopia. hypertension has been identified as the leading risk factor for mortality worldwide, and is ranked third as a cause of disability-adjusted life-years [8]. policy makers and program managers need to develop targeted and cost effective intervention programs that will have the greatest impact on hypertension and to increase awareness among university students about hypertension and the need to screen for the disease. this study describes the prevalence of hypertension and the determinants of increasing blood pressure in 4 ssa populations in rural nigeria and kenya and in urban namibia and tanzania. conclude that hypertension is the most frequently observed cvd risk factor in both urban and rural communities in multiple regions in ssa. age-standardized prevalence of hypertension was calculated using the who new world reference population [32]..Discussionthis institution based cross-sectional study identified hypertension as a significant health problem among college students aged ≥18 years old. interheart and interstroke studies showed that modifiable risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, smoking, dyslipidemia and diabetes, account for the majority of cvd in lmic [6], [7]. scale of the surveys described in this study is unique, demonstrating the magnitude of the problem of hypertension in different countries in ssa, including rural and urban areas. the prevalence of hypertension and other cvd risk factors was explored using descriptive statistics. therefore, the prevalence of hypertension found in our surveys might be an overestimation, although the normal mean heart rate did not support high blood pressure readings due to sympathic activation.

3. research methodology

therefore, mass screening for hypertension, health education to prevent substance use, regular exercise, reducing salt consumption, and life style modifications are recommended. finally, even though the prevalence of hypertension in ssa is still lower compared to the high income regions, the large and growing population of lmic such as nigeria will result in a considerably larger absolute number of individuals affected compared to high income countries [39], [51]. from the multivariate analyses using binary logistic regression model showed that male sex, overweight and short sleep duration were found to be independent risk factors for hypertension (table 3). therefore, our data show that a large proportion of the patients with hypertension may not be adequately treated with lifestyle interventions only. this study measured the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors among university students in gondar, ethiopia. physical activity level and urban life were significantly associated with the likelihood of hypertension [25–28] in other studies, but we didn’t find any association between the two. study showed a positive association between sex and hypertension in which the risk of hypertension increases with being men, which is in line with several studies [13, 15, 17, 18]. however, the sample size in all surveys provides sufficient power to allow for reliable estimations of hypertension prevalence. a study done in tunisia showed independent relationships between bmi and hypertension [15]. however, studies that clarify the magnitude and risk factors for hypertension among college students are lacking in ethiopia. a study done in tunisia showed independent relationships between bmi and hypertension [15]. however, studies that clarify the magnitude and risk factors for hypertension among college students are lacking in ethiopia.Call for hypertension research proposals a forward stepwise binary logistic regression analysis was done to assess the relative importance of the explanatory variables on the dependent variable (hypertension). from the multivariate analyses using binary logistic regression model showed that male sex, overweight and short sleep duration were found to be independent risk factors for hypertension (table 3). this finding is consistent with that of a study conducted in kuwait which reported that about 7% of students had hypertension [13]. blood pressure pattern per age group in respondents with untreated or inadequately treated hypertension, all countries combined. the primary outcome measure was the prevalence of hypertension in each of the populations under study. of hypertension was defined as respondents who self report to have hypertension. the prevalence of hypertension observed in our survey in the greater windhoek area in namibia was remarkably high (crude 32%, age-standardized 38%). the aim of this study was to determine the magnitude and correlates of hypertension. physical activity level and urban life were significantly associated with the likelihood of hypertension [25–28] in other studies, but we didn’t find any association between the two. participants reporting difficulty falling asleep or sleep continuity problems had a slightly increased risk of hypertension at follow-up, even after controlling the confounders [22]. participants who had hypertension by our measurement were referred to nearby health facilities for further diagnosis and treatment. socio-demographic factors, such as male gender, advanced age, parental history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and behavioral factors, like body mass index, sleep duration, smoking, and alcohol consumption are significant predictors of hypertension [7]. Starting up a business plan

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hypertension has been referred to as a “silent killer” [3, 4]. policy makers and program managers need to develop targeted and cost effective intervention programs that will have the greatest impact on hypertension and to increase awareness among university students about hypertension and the need to screen for the disease. mean systolic blood pressure in those with hypertension ranged from 142. cross-sectional study was conducted to measure the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in the university of gondar, ethiopia, from december 2012 to january 2013. Therefore, mass screening for hypertension, health education to prevent substance use, regular exercise, reducing salt consumption, and life style modifications are recommended.: aware  =  respondents who self report to have hypertension, treated  =  respondents who self report to have hypertension, and who indicate to take drug treatment for hypertension, controlled  =  respondents who self report to have hypertension, and who have a blood pressure below 140/90 (patients who use drug treatment or for whom treatment status is unknown). in clinical practice, a diagnosis of hypertension requires multiple measurements on several occasions. these specific characteristics preclude generalization of our conclusions regarding the prevalence of hypertension to the general urban population of tanzania or the rural population of kenya. ag (2003) hypertension in ghana: a cross-sectional community prevalence study in greater accra. also observed that sleeping ≤5 hours per day was significantly associated with hypertension. the majority of the hypertensive population had both systolic and diastolic hypertension in all study populations (table 2). Within a final sample size of 5,500 households, 9,857 non-pregnant adults were eligible for analysis on hypertension. University essay line spacing | Hypertension Research - Abstract of article: Proposal of a Risk prevalence of hypertension was based on three measurements of blood pressure on one occasion in this study. in the sleep heart health study, subjects sleeping ≤5 5 hours per day had a higher frequency of hypertension [20] which was in line with this study which found that students who slept ≤ 5 hours per day were about four times at risk to be hypertensive.: hypertension was defined as a measured blood pressure ≥140 mmhg systolic and/or ≥90 mmhg diastolic, or self-reported use of drug treatment for hypertension irrespective of measured blood pressure [29]. the prevalence of hypertension in this study was lower than that reported in nigeria (19. early cross-sectional studies from rural areas in ssa report low mean blood pressures that are stable with age, and a low prevalence of hypertension [9], [10], [11], [12], [13]. cross-sectional study was conducted to measure the prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in the university of gondar, ethiopia, from december 2012 to january 2013.% (nigeria) of the respondents with hypertension had grade 2 or grade 3 hypertension. the proportion of respondents with hypertension on treatment was low in nigeria, kenya and tanzania..Discussionthis institution based cross-sectional study identified hypertension as a significant health problem among college students aged ≥18 years old. however, evidences on the burden of hypertension and associated factors are lacking among college students in resource-poor settings. is, cooper rs, rotimi cn, osotimehin b, forrester t (1998) association of waist circumference with risk of hypertension and type 2 diabetes in nigerians, jamaicans, and african-americans. compared to a group sleeping 7 hours, individuals sleeping 5 hours or less had an increased risk of hypertension [21] sleep deprivation was linked to increased prevalence of hypertension. Wilson k c research paper | Prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors in southwest Ethiopia committee of the servier research grant in hypertension is composed of internationally renowned experts in hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases. to the best of our knowledge, there are no data available on the prevalence of secondary hypertension and the underlying causes in the population from ssa. hypertension places an excessive financial burden on populations and health care systems by consuming scarce resources [6]. other studies done so far [23, 24], cigarette smoking, harmful use of alcohol and use of khat were not significantly associated with hypertension in this study. a recent study in rural kenya found a similar prevalence of hypertension [52] as our study whilst surveys in urban tanzania found a higher prevalence [16]. respondents who were insured in namibia showed better hypertension control (figure s2). also observed that sleeping ≤5 hours per day was significantly associated with hypertension. our study does not allow differentiating between primary and secondary hypertension. the proportions of respondents with hypertension on treatment ranged from 7% in those with grade 1 hypertension to 17. however, evidences on the burden of hypertension and associated factors are lacking among college students in resource-poor settings. it is also important to mention that overweight people were at higher risk of hypertension compared to normal bmi. a higher prevalence of hypertension was observed among male [aor: 3. Writing objective section of resume | Hypertension Research - Proposal of a new strategy for ambulatory awareness, treatment and blood pressure control in patients with hypertension in namibia: insured versus not insured. total of 610 college students were screened for hypertension of which 453 (74. the overall prevalence of hypertension (systolic bp ≥140 mmhg, or diastolic bp ≥90 mmhg, or known hypertensive patient taking medications) was 25. only the adult, non-pregnant population was included in the analysis because hypertension is rare in children and because pregnancy-related hypertension has a different etiology. talal zein foundation has established a 3,000 euro talal zein award to be presented annually to a distinguished scientist originating from a mediterranean country in recognition of their outstanding work related to the basic science, epidemiology, pathophysiology or therapy of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.% of respondents were prehypertension, hypertension stage I, and hypertension stage II, respectively, on screening test. (2012) hypertension in sub-saharan africa: cross-sectional surveys in four rural and urban communities. therefore, no formal sample size calculations were performed using the prevalence of hypertension as main outcome measure. mean diastolic blood pressure in those with hypertension ranged from 94. these imputed values for hypertension presence were used to recalculate the prevalence of hypertension. (1991) migration, blood pressure pattern, and hypertension: the yi migrant study. (2000) hypertension prevalence and care in an urban and rural area of tanzania.

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