determine evidence that gbv leads to absent fathers in children's lives. published data suggest that between 30% and 50% of south african children grow up without their biological fathers, with black african children being the most affected.
Does Father Absence Place Daughters at Special Risk for Earlyother studies have shown that girls with absent fathers are likely to have poor heterosexual adjustment, dissatisfying and violent sexual relationships. however, the understanding of the complex links between gbv and absent fathers is currently inadequate.
proposal: impact of parental absence or presence on left-behind children in rural china.“so we are atm fathers”: a study of absent fathers in johannesburg.
the term ‘father absence’ in this study refers to biological fathers who are absent in the lives of their children due to disappearance in the early stages of the child's life or those who are known to be alive or perceived to be alive but, since the early stages of the child's life, have been emotionally and economically absent leading to children feeling neglected or abandoned. proposal: impact of parental absence or presence on left-behind children in rural china.