1) Innovations in biogas production 2) Sustainable biomass forthough thedata includes only limited countries, it is enough to understand the importance of the biogasprogram and its relevance to ethiopia. biogas for better life: an african initiative, integrated biogas and sanitation programs in sub-saharan africain may 2007 the “biogas for better life: an african initiative” was launched in nairobi. sir, good to see your work, will you please share your project porposal on biogas.. floating dome/ inclineddigesters will be explored for the production of biogas during the present project. also the size of biogas digester suggested inthe national biogas program is 6 m3 which will need feeding of minimum 20 kg of cow dung perday. the technology of biogas hasbeen successfully used in india and china since last 50 years and until now 3.
A Proposal to the Renewal Energy Research Initiative 10-15-13thepurpose of this initiative is to provide 2 million biogas digesters to the households in sub-saharan africa over a period of 15 years. methane in biogas provides a source of fuel without smoke. followingtable will give an idea of domestic biogas installations in few developing countries. million and 5million domestic biogas plants have been installed in india and china, respectively. the biogas can be produced on small scale by householdsusing cow manure, human excreta and kitchen waste using suitable digesters. the project will also support the government’s initiative in popularizing the biogastechnology which has already been successfully utilized in india and china and will also help theuniversity to fulfill one of its goals of social transformation for better living through researchand development.
methane content of different substratesfollowing table shows the biogas yield from different substrates that can be used for biogasgeneration. thepurpose of this initiative is to provide 2 million domestic biogas plants to households in sub-saharan africathe initiative aims to achieve the following by 2020: • 2 million biogas plants installed (90% operation rate) • 10 million africans benefiting in daily life from the plants • 800 private biogas companies and 200 biogas appliances manufacturing workshops involved or established • 100,000 new jobs created • comprehensive quality standards and quality control systems developed and in use • 1 million toilets constructed and attached to the biogas plants • 80% of the bio-slurry utilized as organic fertilizer • agriculture production raised by up to 25% • health and living conditions of rural household improved and death of rural household reduced by 5000 each year • drudgery reduced by saving 2 to 3 hours per day per household for fetching wood,• cooking and cleaning the pots • health costs saved by up to us$ 80 to 125 per family per year • 3 to 4 million tonnes of wood saved per year • greenhouse gas emissions annually reduced by 10 m tonnes of co2 equivalent. installation of biogas digester in three households to get the feedback of their experiences and further improvement if any. means that generation of biogas is carried out by using waste materials of plant or animalorigin which can be potential source of environmental pollution if disposed off withoutconversion. the choice of the substrate will be kitchen waste in place of cow dung and humanexcreta suggested in the national biogas program. of biogas plants to be installed ethiopia 10000-14000 uganda 20,000 rwanda 15000 tanzania 12000 ssa 2 million countries source biogas for better life: an african initiative 2007the program for ethiopia, uganda, rwanda and tanzania will continue for five years (2013)and for other ssa countries it will continue for 15 yearsfinance.
rural areas where there is no electricity supply, the use biogas as a source of light has enabledwomen to engage in evening study, has made easier literacy classes and other home andcommunity activities. ambitious program envisions the use of cow dung and human excreta as the main source forbiogas generation using fix dome bio digester. of biogas by anaerobic digestion of animal manure particularly cow dung, humanexcreta and kitchen waste is considered to be one such alternative. to study the biogas yield and its sufficiency for meeting the fuel requirements of a family. thus the present project will deviate from the africa initiative program onbiogas on two counts. types of domestic biogas digesters are popular for small scale production of biogas 1.